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Index of Plant Families (7 families in this page)

APIACEAE
Carrot
ARALIACEAE
Aralia
CYNOMORIACEAE
Cynomoriaceae
POLYGALACEAE
Milkwort
RHAMNACEAE
Buckthorn
SANTALACEAE
Sandalwood
VITACEAE
Vine
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APIACEAE
Lindl.
( Carrot Family )
Conservative synonym: Umbelliferea
Subfamalies: Mackinlayoideae; Azorelloideae; Saniculoideae; Apioideae;

Family Description: Herbs, rarely shrubs. Leaves alternate; lamina usually large and much-divided; petiole often inflated and sheathing at base. Stipules absent, except in Subfam. Hydrocotyloideae. Inflorescence usually a compound umbel. Flowers epigynous, small, hermaphrodite or unisexual, the plant rarely dioecious. Sepals usually small or absent; petals 5, usually more or less 3-lobed, the middle lobe inflexed; outer petals sometimes much larger than inner (radiate); stamens 5; carpels (1-)2, usually attached to a central axis (carpophore), from which the mericarps separate at maturity; styles (1-)2, often with a thickened base (stylopodium); ovule 1 in each loculus, pendent. Fruit dry; pericarp membranous or exocarp variously indurated; endocarp rarely woody (Subfam. Hydrocotyloideae). Mericarps usually joined by a narrow or wide commissure; each mericarp more or less compressed laterally or dorsally, with 5 longitudinal veins, usually with ridges over them, separated by valleculae or sometimes with 4 secondary ridges alternating with the primary; resin canals (vittae) usually present between the primary ridges and on the commissural face.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Ammi diversifolium
Bullwort,
Bishop's Weed,
False Queen Anne's Lace
Dakra Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Lamarck

Main Synonym :
Daucus visnaga
Sand Bullwort,
Tooth Pickweed
Busnaga May-Oct Normal Profile
with

images.
(Brotero) Breistroffer

Main Synonym :
Petroselinum ammoides
Small Bullwort Dakra żgħira Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Wild Celery,
Marsh Parsley,
Smallage
Karfus (selvaġġ) Apr-Sep Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Lagasca

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Fool's Water Cress,
Procumbent Marshwort
Karfus Tal-ilma Apr-Sep Normal Profile
with

images.
M. Bieberstein

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Mediterranean Bifora,
European Bishop Plant
Kosbor Selvaġġ,
Sorm Il-patri
Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Hornemann

Main Synonym :
Bupleurum subovatum
Spear-leaved Hare's Ear,
Lance-leaved Thorrowwax
Widnet Il-fenek Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Bupleurum glaucum
Grey Hare's Ear Maltese Name Not Known Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Lange

Main Synonym :
Krubera peregrina
Capnophyllum Maltese Name Not Known Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Hemlock,
Poison Hemlock
Ċikuta May-Aug Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Coriander Kosbor Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Rock Samphire,
Sea Samphire,
Sea Fennel
Bużbież Il-baħar Jun-Sep Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Wild Carrot,
Queen Anne's Lace
Zunnarija Salvaġġa,
Karrotti Salvaġġ,
Bejt Id-Durrajs
Feb-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(Hoffmannsegg) Arcangeli

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Carrot Zunnarija,
Karrotti
Feb-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Daucus carota var. gingidium
Sea Carrot Zunnarija Tal-baħar Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Tineo

Main Synonym :
Daucus carota var. lopadusanus
Lampedusa Carrot Zunnarija Ta' Lampedusa Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Gussone

Main Synonym :
Daucus carota var. rupestris
Cliff Carrot Zunnarija Tal-blat Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Prickly Parsnip,
Echinophora,
Spiny Echinophora
Bużbież Xewwieki Tar-ramel,
Ekinofora
Jun-Sep Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Sea Holly,
Seaside Eryngo
Xewk Ir-ramel Jun-Oct Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Giant Fennel,
Common Ferula
Ferla Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Fennel,
Sweet Fennel
Bużbież May-Oct Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) DC.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Kundmannia Kudmannja Ta' Sqallija Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Round-headed Water Dropwort,
Mediterranean Water Dropwort
Karfus Tal-wied Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Hoffmannsegg

Main Synonym :
Petroselinum crispum
Wild Parsley Tursin Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Anisum officinarum
Anise Anisi,
Ħlewwa
Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Pimpinella taurica
Southern Burnet Saxifrage Sensiela May-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Grande

Main Synonym :
Daucus pumilus
Small Carrot Zunnarija Tar-ramel Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Moris

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Ridolfia Bużbież Il-qamħ,
Bużbież Tal-għelieqi
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Shepherd's Needle Maxxita Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Alexanders Karfus Il-ħmir Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Mediterranean Hartwort,
Roman Pimpernel
Ħaxixet It-trieraħ Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(Hudson) Link

Main Synonym :
Torilis helvetica
Spreading Hedge Parsley Maltese Name Not Known Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Gaertner

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Knotted Hedge Parsley Tursin Xewwieki Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.


ARALIACEAE
Juss.
( Aralia Family )
Subfamalies: Aralioideae; Hydrocotyloideae

Family Description: Shrubs or woody climbers; leaves alternate. Flowers actinomorphic, small. Calyx small or rudimentary; petals 5, free; stamens 5; ovary inferior. Fruit a berry.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Hedera taurica
Ivy,
English Ivy
Liedna Sep-Nov Normal Profile
with

images.
(Seemann) R. Viguier

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Schefflera Maltese Name Not Known ? Normal Profile
with

images.


CYNOMORIACEAE
Lindl.
( Cynomoriaceae Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbs without chlorophyll, parasitic on the roots of other plants. Flowers usually unisexual, in dense, spicate or capitate inflorescences. Fruit a small, 1-seeded nut; seed with abundant endosperm and minute embryo.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
General's Root,
Maltese Fungus
Għerq Il-ġeneral,
Għerq Sinjur,
Żobb L-Art
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.


POLYGALACEAE
Juss.
( Milkwort Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Leaves simple, exstipulate. Flowers hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, in spikes or racemes. Sepals 5, free; petals 3-5, more or less united; stamens 8, with filaments partly united. Ovary 2-locular, with 1 seed in each loculus.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Mediterranean Milkwort,
Annual Milkwort
Maltese Name Not Known Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Polygala x dalmaisiana
African Milkwort,
Myrtle-leaved Milkwort,
Sweet Pea Bush
Maltese Name Not Known Spring Normal Profile
with

images.


RHAMNACEAE
Juss.
( Buckthorn Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Trees or shrubs. Leaves simple, usually stipulate. Inflorescence cymose. Flowers perigynous. Calyx 4- to 5-lobed, lobes valvate in bud. Petals 4-5, often small and sometimes absent, inserted at mouth of the hypanthium and often hooded over the stamens. Stamens 4-5, alternating with the calyx-lobes; anthers versatile. Ovary superior, 2- to 4-locular; ovules solitary. Fruit often fleshy.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Miller

Main Synonym :
Rhamnus paliurus
Christ's Thorn Tree,
Jerusalem Thorn,
Garland Thorn
Xewk Tal-Kuruna Ta' Kristu,
Xewk Ta' Kristu
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Mediterranean Buckthorn,
Italian Buckthorn,
Barren Privet
Alaternu Jan-Mar Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rhamnus lycoides subsp. oleoides
Olive-leaved Buckthorn,
Lesser Buckthorn,
Persian Berries
Żiju Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Meikle

Main Synonym :
Zizyphus sativus
Jujube,
Chinese Date
Żinżel May-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.


SANTALACEAE
R. Br.
( Sandalwood Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbaceous or woody plants. Leaves alternate, simple, linear, oblong or lanceolate, exstipulate, deciduous or evergreen. Flowers small, hermaphrodite or unisexual. Perianth 3- to 5-lobed or -partite, tubular to campanulate-rotate. Stamens 3-5, opposite lobes of the perianth. Ovary inferior, 1-celled. Style 1; stigma capitate or lobed. Fruit a small green nut or a drupe. Seed solitary, with abundant endosperm. Hemiparasites, growing on the roots of herbs or shrubs.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Vahl

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Field Bastard Toadflax,
Lesser Bastard Toadflax
Maltese Name Not Known Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.


VITACEAE
Juss.
( Vine Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Shrubs, usually diffuse and climbing by means of leaf-opposed tendrils. Leaves alternate, stipulate, usually palmately lobed or divided. Flowers small, actinomorphic, in terminal or leaf opposed cymes or panicles. Sepals 5, united; petals 5, free or united distally; stamens 5, antepetalous. Ovary superior,2-locular; style and stigma 1; fruit a berry with 2-4 seeds.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Vitis laciniosa
Grape Vine,
European Grape
Dielja,
Siġra Tal-Għeneb
Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.



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