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Index of Plant Families (5 families in this page)

APOCYNACEAE
Dogbane
CAPRIFOLIACEAE
Honeysuckle
GENTIANACEAE
Gentian
OLEACEAE
Olive
RUBIACEAE
Bedstraw
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APOCYNACEAE
Juss.
( Dogbane Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Small trees, shrubs, or herbs, with poisonous latex. Leaves simple, exstipulate, with glands in or above the axils. Flowers solitary or in cymes, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, 5-merous. Corolla with oblique lobes, contorted in bud. Stamens 5; anthers introrse, closely surrounding the stigma. Ovary superior; carpels 2, usually free, united by a single style above. Fruit of two fusiform follicles, usually opening by the ventral suture; rarely only one follicle developing.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Nerium indicum
Oleander,
Rose Bay
Siġra Tad-Difel,
Difla,
Oljandru
Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with

images.
Labill.

Main Synonym :
Periploca laevigata subsp. angustifolia
African Wolfbane,
Wolfbane
Siġret Il-Ħarir,
Siġra Tal-Ħarir
Nov-Apr Detailed Profile
with

images.
(Persoon) K. Schumann

Main Synonym :
Cascabela thevetia
Yellow Oleander,
Lucky Nut,
Mexican Oleander
Maltese Name Not Known Jul-Oct Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Greater Periwinkle Maltese Name Not Known Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.


CAPRIFOLIACEAE
Juss.
( Honeysuckle Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Woody perennials (rarely herbaceous) with opposite, usually exstipulate leaves. Flowers (3-)5-merous, hermaphrodite, epigynous, usually actinomorphic. Calyx small; corolla-tube variously developed. Stamens (4-)5, epipetalous, alternating with corolla-lobes; anthers longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary 1- to 5-locular; style 1 or absent; stigmas free or connate. Ovules 1 to numerous, pendent, anatropous. Fruit a drupe, berry or nutlet. Seeds endospermic, with a small, straight embryo.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(L.) Dufresne

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Annual Valerian,
Pink Valerian,
Cut-leaved Valerian
Valeriana Roża Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Boissier

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Long-spurred Valerian,
Pretty Betsy
Maltese Name Not Known Sep-Dec Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) DC.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Red Valerian,
Jupiter's Beard,
Keys To Heaven
Toppu Tar-reġina Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Gaertner

Main Synonym :
Fedia cornucopiae subsp. graciliflora
No Name Sieq Il-ħamiema Jan-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Aiton

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Evergreen Honeysuckle Qarn Il-mogħża Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Thunberg

Main Synonym :
Lonicera chinensis
Japanese Honeysuckle,
Hall's Honeysuckle,
Chinese Honeysuckle
Maltese Name Not Known May-Aug Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Dwarf Elder,
Dwarf Elderberry
Sebuqa Selvaġġa,
Nittiena
Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Common Elder Sebuqa Kbira,
Sambuka
Jun-Jul Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Sweet Scabiosa Skabjoża ħamra May-Aug Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Sixalix atropurpurea subsp. maritima
Southern Scabiosa Skabjoża May-Aug Normal Profile
with

images.
Desvaux

Main Synonym :
Fedia eriocarpa
Hairy-fruited Cornsalad,
Italian Cornsalad
Valerjanella Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Loiseleur

Main Synonym :
Valerianella dentata
Small-fruited Cornsalad Maltese Name Not Known Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tinus laurifolius
Laurustinus,
Round-leaved Laurustinus
Viburnum,
Meruna
Feb-May Normal Profile
with

images.


GENTIANACEAE
Juss.
( Gentian Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Glabrous bitter-tasting herbs. Leaves opposite (very rarely some alternate), entire, exstipulate, usually sessile and often connate at the base. Flowers 4- to 5(to 12)-merous, actinomorphic. Calyx more or less deeply lobed. Corolla-lobes contorted in bud. Stamens inserted on the corolla-tube. Ovary superior, 1-locular, with 2 parietal placentae, rarely almost 2-locular owing to the intrusive placentae; ovules numerous. Fruit a septicidal capsule.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(L.) Hudson

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Yellow-Wort Ċentawrija Safra Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Rafn

Main Synonym :
Erythraea centaurium
Common Centaury,
European Centaury
Ċentawrija Kbira Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
(Swartz) Druce

Main Synonym :
Erythraea pulchellum
Lesser Centaury,
Branched Centaury
Ċentawrija żgħira Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Fritsch

Main Synonym :
Schenkia spicata
Spiked Centaury Ċentawrija Tal-virga May-Aug Normal Profile
with

images.
(Hoffmennsegg & Link) Fritsch

Main Synonym :
Erythraea pulchellum var. tenuiflorum
Slender Centaury Ċentawrija Rqiqa Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.


OLEACEAE
Juss.
( Olive Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Usually glabrous trees or shrubs. Leaves opposite, rarely alternate, exstipulate. Flowers hermaphrodite, rarely unisexual, 4- (5-) to 6-merous, actinomorphic. Calyx campanulate, often small. Corolla sympetalous or polypetalous, rarely absent. Stamens 2, often inserted on the corolla-tube. Ovary superior, 2-locular; style usually short or absent; ovules usually 2 in each loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, a samara, a drupe or a berry; seeds 1-4.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Vahl

Main Synonym :
Fraxinus oxycarpa
Narrow-leaved Ash Fraxxnu,
Siġra Tal-Paċenzja
Spring Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Jasminum trifoliatum
Azores Jasmine Maltese Name Not Known Jul-Oct Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Olive Żebbuġa,
Żejtun,
Siġra Taż-Żebbuġ
Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(Hoffmannsegg & Link) Negodi

Main Synonym :
Olea europaea subsp. europaea var. sylvestris
Wild Olive Żebbuġa Selvaġġa Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Mock Privet,
Jasmine Box,
Broad-leaved Phillyrea
Olivastru Tal-werqa Wiesgħa,
Fillirja Tal-werqa Wiesgħa
Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Phillyrea latifolia subsp. media
Mock Privet,
Jasmine Box
Olivastru,
Fillirja
Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.


RUBIACEAE
Juss.
( Bedstraw Family )
Subfamalies: Cinchonoideae; Ixoroideae; Rubioideae

Family Description: Herbs or dwarf shrubs. Leaves nearly always opposite, simple, entire; stipules separate, connate or divided, sometimes leaf-like and then forming whorls of 4-12 apparent leaves. Inflorescence thyrsoid, paniculate or corymbose, sometimes condensed to a spike or head, or reduced. Flowers actinomorphic, usually hermaphrodite. Sepals usually free, sometimes reduced or absent. Sympetalous; corolla hypocrateriform, infundibuliform, cupshaped or rotate. Stamens epipetalous, alternating with the lobes of the corolla. Ovary inferior, usually 2-locular and with a disc; loculi with 1-numerous ovules. Style simple or 2-fid. Fruit dry, dividing into mericarps, or fleshy. Seeds endospermic.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(J. & C.Presl) Nyman

Main Synonym :
Asperula cynanchica var. aristata
Southern Squinancywort Asperula All Year Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Squinancywort Maltese Name Not Known All Year Normal Profile
with

images.
Gussone

Main Synonym :
Crucianella maritima var. rupestris
Rock Crucianella,
Rock Crosswort,
Coastal Crucianella
Kruċanella Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Cleavers,
Goosegrass,
Sticky Willy
Ħarxajja Komuni Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Allioni

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Yellow Bedstraw Ħarxajja Safra Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
False Cleavers Ħarxajja Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Dandy

Main Synonym :
Galium tricorne
Corn Cleavers,
Three-horned Bedstraw
Ħarxajja Ta' Tlett Iqran Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Hudson

Main Synonym :
Galium saccharatum
Southern Cleavers,
Warty Bedstraw
Ħarxajja Tal-felul Jan-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.f.) Persoon

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Stinking Madder Putorja May-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rubia tinctorium
Wild Madder,
Etruscan Madder,
European Wild Madder
Ħarxajja Selvaġġa,
Robbja Selvaġġa
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Field Madder,
Blue Field Madder
Ħarxajja Tal-għelieqi,
Ħarxajja Roża
Feb-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Cynocrambe prostrata
Dog Cabbage Ħabaq Il-ħnieżer Dec-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Hairy Valantia Valantja Niggieża Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Wall Valantia Valantja Komuni Feb-May Normal Profile
with

images.



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