MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   21 Sep 2021      ()
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Moraea sisyrinchium   (Barbary Nut Iris)


Moraea sisyrinchium   (IRIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands prior year 2000.

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Profile Date May-2006 (last update: 2-Jan-2020)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2-Jan-2020) Moraea sisyrinchium retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 21-Sep-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Moraea sisyrinchium (L.) Parlatore
Published in (L.) Parl., Nuovi Gen. Sp. Monocot. 52 (1854)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Gynandriris sisyrinchium (L.) Parl.
Synonym that was used for long in Malta: Gynandriris sisyrinchium (L.) Parl.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Iridaceae Juss. (The Iris Family)
23 species from the Iridaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Barbary Nut Iris

Maltese name(s) :

Fjurduliż salvaġġ

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected at present

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

April – May

Colour of Flowers:

Violet

Name Derivation :

Moraea:
sisyrinchium:


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Dry places, especially near the coast
Preferred habitat in Malta: Shallow soil in the garigue and in the countryside. Reported to be common in coralline plateaux.
Botanical Description: Corm 15-30 mm in diameter, globose, surrounded by numerous tunics, the outer coarsely fibrous. Plant 10-30(-45) cm. Leaves 1-2, with long, sheathing base, the free portion 10-50 cm × 1·5-5 mm, flexuous, procumbent or ascending, convolute when dry. Flowers fugitive, in 1-4 compact cymes, each with 1-6 flowers. Spathes 4-6 cm, scarious. Perianth violet-blue to purple, the falls with a white or yellow patch. Falls c. 30 × 10 mm, with elliptic-obovate limb; standards c. 25 × 5 mm, with slender, canaliculate claw and lanceolate limb. Style-branches suberect, deeply 2-fid. Beak of ovary 20-30 mm, very slender. Capsule (excluding beak) 20 × 4 mm. Seeds 1·5 mm, pyriform, brown.
Chromosome number: 2n=24
Distributional range: Mediterranean region, C. & S. Portugal

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Bl Co Cr Cy Eg Gr Hs IJ It Li LS Lu Ma Sa Si Sn Tn Tu(E)

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (12 images)
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-0.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-1.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-2.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-3.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-4.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-5.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-6.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-7.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-8.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-9.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-10.
   Moraea sisyrinchium   -   Image Code: MORSY-11.

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