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   21 Sep 2021      ()
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Iris germanica   (German bearded Iris)


Iris germanica   (IRIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands prior year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 2-Jan-2020)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2-Jan-2020) Iris germanica retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 21-Sep-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Iris germanica L.
Published in L., Sp. Pl. 38 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Iris spectabilis Salisb.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Iridaceae Juss. (The Iris Family)
23 species from the Iridaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

German bearded Iris, German Iris, Blue Flag Iris

Maltese name(s) :

Fjurduliż ikħal

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Data not available - casual or short-lived in the wild from accidental garden or agriculture escape

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected at present

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – May

Colour of Flowers:

Violet or Blue

Name Derivation :

Iris: "Greek word for rainbow alluding to the wide variety of colours that the flowers of this genus possess. Iris was also the Greek goddess of the rainbow in Greek mythology. Further info: [1] [2] [3]". (Greek origin )
germanica: From or related to Germany. (Latin origin )

Remarks :

Ornamental plant which very rarely is reported from the wild.


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Dry, rocky or grassy places.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Garden escapee in fields or urban areas
Botanical Description: 2n = 36, 44, 48. Dry, rocky or grassy places. Widely cultivated for ornament and for the perfume extracted from its rhizome and naturalized in most of Europe except the north; of unknown and probably hybrid origin but perhaps native in the E. Mediterranean region.
Chromosome number: 2n=36, 44, 48
Distributional range: Widely cultivated for ornament and for the perfume extracted from its rhizome and naturalized in most of Europe except the north of unknown and probably hybrid origin but perhaps native in the E. Mediterranean region.
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Azores, Belgium, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, Denmark, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Switzerland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
n/a

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (7 images)
   Iris germanica   -   Image Code: IRSGR-0.
   Iris germanica   -   Image Code: IRSGR-1.
   Iris germanica   -   Image Code: IRSGR-2.
   Iris germanica   -   Image Code: IRSGR-3.
   Iris germanica   -   Image Code: IRSGR-4.
   Iris germanica   -   Image Code: IRSGR-5.
   Iris germanica   -   Image Code: IRSGR-6.

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