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   21 Sep 2021      ()
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Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   (White Freesia)


Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba  (IRIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands prior year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 2-Jan-2020)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2-Jan-2020) Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 21-Sep-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba(G.L.Mey.) Gumbl.
Published in Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 19: 392 (1896).

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba (G.L.Mey.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Iridaceae Juss. (The Iris Family)
23 species from the Iridaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

White Freesia

Maltese name(s) :

Friżja selvaġġa bajda

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected at present

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

February – March

Colour of Flowers:

White

Name Derivation :

Freesia:
leichtlinii subsp. alba:

Remarks :

Previous records of Freesia refractafrom Malta are referable to Freesia leichtlinii s. l. Most probably Freesia refracta does not occur in Malta, and some colourful species are instead F. x kewensis. The Maltese populations of wild Freesia might even constitute of hybridogenous populations between F. leichtlinii subsp. leichtlinii and subsp. alba (known as F. x hybrida Hort.) and which it is difficult to tell apart from their closely related parents. Nevertheless individuals which look like and presumably are the putative parents have been observed. Further investigations are required to understand these wild populations of Freesia, and unfortunately there is not enough documentation about these taxa.


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Cultivated for ornament and naturalized
Preferred habitat in Malta: Low garigue, disturbed rocky places, rocky ground under afforested areas,
Botanical Description: Corm, conical in shape, about 10 mm wide at the base, and covered with tunics of finely netted fibres. Leaves numerous, upright, and are sword-shaped, tapering to a sharp point 120-400 mm long and same height as the flowering stems or slightly longer. The flowers are produced in a horizontally bent, 2-8-flowered spike; white, often with a purple flush on the outside, sometimes with a yellow mark on the lowest tepal, and sometimes with purple in the throat, and have the strongest and sweetest fragrance of all the freesias. Corolla broadly funnel-shaped, 20-30 mm long, and are almost actinomorphic (radially symmetrical). In fact this is an easy way to identify this species as the others are more obviously irregular. The fruit is a lightly warty capsule of hard, rounded, shiny seeds.
Native region outside Europe: South Africa

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[Co]

Links & Further literature (1 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
New records, taxonomic updates, and new locations for some alien species occurring in the Maltese Islands - Poster presentation for Optima Meeting XVI Stephen Mifsud  (2019)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (13 images)
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-0.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-1.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-2.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-3.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-4.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-5.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-6.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-7.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-8.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-9.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-10.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-11.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-12.

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