by Stephen Mifsud
   2 Aug 2021      ()
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Lathyrus odoratus   (Sweet Pea)

Lathyrus odoratus   (FABACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Lathyrus odoratus retrieved from on 2021-Aug-02

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Lathyrus odoratus L.
Published in L., Sp. Pl. 732 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Lathyrus cyprius
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Fabaceae Lindl. (=Leguminosae) (The Pea Family)
106 species from the Fabaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Sweet Pea

Maltese name(s) :

Maltese name not known

Status for Malta :

Introduced plants cultivated for agricultural or horticultural purposes but sometimes can be occassionaly found as an escapee close to the site of their original cultivation

Frequency :

Data not available - casual in the wild as a garden/field escape

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE (annuals)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Violet or Red

Remarks :

A cultivated annual plant which in rare ocassions escapes in the wild often near fields or arable land. Not invasive.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

More or less pubescent annual; stem 50-200 cm, winged. Leaflets 1 pair, 20-60 x 7-30 mm, ovate-oblong or elliptical, sometimes feebly parallel veined; stipules 15-25 x 3-4 mm, lanceolate, semi-sagittate. Racemes 1- to 3-flowered. Calyx-teeth subequal, longer than tube; corolla 20-35 mm, purple. Legume 50-70 x 10-12 mm, brown, pubescent. Seeds c. 8, smooth; hilum ¼ of the circumference.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

. S. Italy and Sicilia widely cultivated for ornament and perhaps naturalized in some parts of C. & S. Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Sicily and/or Malta, Introduced in  Austria and Liechtenstein, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Portugal

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

AE(G) It Si(S) [Ab(A N) Ag Ar Au(A) Bl Br By Cy Es Ga(F) Gg(A D G) Hs(S) La Lt Lu Mo Rf(A C CS E K NW S) Uk(K U)]

Images (6 images)
   Lathyrus odoratus   -   Image Code: LTYOD-0.
   Lathyrus odoratus   -   Image Code: LTYOD-1.
   Lathyrus odoratus   -   Image Code: LTYOD-2.
   Lathyrus odoratus   -   Image Code: LTYOD-3.
   Lathyrus odoratus   -   Image Code: LTYOD-4.
   Lathyrus odoratus   -   Image Code: LTYOD-5.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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