MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   21 Sep 2021      ()
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Sisymbrium altissimum   (Tumble Mustard)


Sisymbrium altissimum   (BRASSICACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands prior year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 2-Jan-2020)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2-Jan-2020) Sisymbrium altissimum retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 21-Sep-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Sisymbrium altissimum L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 659 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Sisymbrium pannonicum
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Brassicaceae Juss. (=Cruciferae) (The Mustard or Cress Family)
47 species from the Brassicaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Tumble Mustard, Tall Tumble Mustard, Tall Rocket

Maltese name(s) :

Maltese name not known

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected at present

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

April – August

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow

Name Derivation :

Sisymbrium: Old Greek name for some plants of the mustard family such as cress, but derivation of name is obscure. (Greek origin )
altissimum:


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Annual up to 100 cm, usually hispid at the base. First-formed basal leaves minute, oblong-obovate, subentire; later-formed basal and lower cauline leaves sinuate-pinnatifid; upper pinnate, with linear lobes. Pedicels 4-10 mm. Outer sepals with a short horn at the apex; petals 5-11 mm, pale yellow; anthers 1-2 mm. Siliqua (35-)50-100 x 1-1.5 mm; style 0.5-2.5 mm, cylindrical, with shortly 2-lobed stigma. Seeds 0.7-1.2 mm.
Chromosome number: 2n=14
Distributional range: C. & E.C. Europe widely naturalized elsewhere

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, ex-Jugoslavia, Poland, Romania, Russia and former USSR,B C W K E Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Austria and Liechtenstein, Belgium, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Czeck Republic and Slovakia, Denmark, Finland, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Iceland, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Norway, Russia and former USSR, Sicily and/or Malta, Sweden
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE(G) Al Ar Au(A) Bu By Ct Gr Hs(S) Hu Mk Mo dSk Sl Sr Tu(E) Uk(K U) [Be(B L) Br Cs Da Es Fe Ga(F) Ge Hb(E) He Ho Hs dIt La Lt Lu No Po Rf Rm dSi(M) Su]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (6 images)
   Sisymbrium altissimum   -   Image Code: SSYAL-0.
   Sisymbrium altissimum   -   Image Code: SSYAL-1.
   Sisymbrium altissimum   -   Image Code: SSYAL-2.
   Sisymbrium altissimum   -   Image Code: SSYAL-3.
   Sisymbrium altissimum   -   Image Code: SSYAL-4.
   Sisymbrium altissimum   -   Image Code: SSYAL-5.

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