MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   21 Sep 2021      ()
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Sinapis arvensis   (Charlock)


Sinapis arvensis   (BRASSICACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands prior year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 2-Jan-2020)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2-Jan-2020) Sinapis arvensis retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 21-Sep-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Sinapis arvensis L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 668 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Brassica arvensis
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Brassicaceae Juss. (=Cruciferae) (The Mustard or Cress Family)
47 species from the Brassicaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Charlock, Charlock Mustard

Maltese name(s) :

Mustarda selvaġġa

Status for Malta :

Doubtful origin. It is not yet established if this species is native or not.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected at present

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

January – May

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow

Name Derivation :

Sinapis: Latin name for mustard, as where the first plants of this genus. (Latin origin )
arvensis: meaning fields or cultivated land, with reference to the preferred habitat of this plant. (Latin origin )


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Usually a weed of arable land
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Annual; stems up to 80 cm, usually hispid at least below, sometimes glabrous. Leaves up to 20 cm, usually hispid; lower leaves stalked, lyrate, with large, coarsely toothed terminal lobe, usually with several smaller lateral lobes; upper leaves more or less sessile, usually simple, ovate to lanceolate. Petals 10-16 x 5-8 mm. Siliqua 25-45(-55) x (1.5-)2.5-4 mm, patent to erect; valves glabrous or with short, stiff, deflexed hairs; beak 7-16 mm, straight. Seeds (7)8-13, reddish-brown or blackish.
Chromosome number: 2n=18
Distributional range: Probably native in the Mediterranean region, but introduced throughout Europe, rarer in the north

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All Europe except the Azores, Svalbard archipelago, but only casual in Faroe Islands, Iceland
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE Ag Al Ar dAu Au(A) dBe Be(B L) BH Bl(I M N) dBr Bu By dCa(C F G H L P T) Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy dDa Eg Es Ga(F) dGe Gr dHb dHe dHo Hs(S) Hu IJ It La Li Lt Lu Ma Md(D M P) Mo dNo dPo Rf dRm Sa Si(M S) Sl Sn Sr dSu Tn Tu(E) Uk(K U) [Az(F S) Fe Ge dHb(E) No Po cSk]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (7 images)
   Sinapis arvensis   -   Image Code: SNPAV-0.
   Sinapis arvensis   -   Image Code: SNPAV-1.
   Sinapis arvensis   -   Image Code: SNPAV-2.
   Sinapis arvensis   -   Image Code: SNPAV-3.
   Sinapis arvensis   -   Image Code: SNPAV-4.
   Sinapis arvensis   -   Image Code: SNPAV-5.
   Sinapis arvensis   -   Image Code: SNPAV-6.

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Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
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