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   21 Sep 2021      ()
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Enarthrocarpus pterocarpus   (Winged Radish)


Enarthrocarpus pterocarpus   (BRASSICACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands prior year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 2-Jan-2020)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2-Jan-2020) Enarthrocarpus pterocarpus retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 21-Sep-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Enarthrocarpus pterocarpus (Persoon) DC.
Published in Reg. Veg. Syst. Nat. 2: 661 (1821)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms

Plant Family :

Brassicaceae Juss. (=Cruciferae) (The Mustard or Cress Family)
47 species from the Brassicaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Winged Radish

Maltese name(s) :

Ravanell tal-Eġittu

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule VI of [S.L. 549.44] (strictly protected species)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

March – May

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow or Violet

Name Derivation :

Enarthrocarpus:
pterocarpus:


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Dry open places
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Annual, with unbranched hairs. Raceme bracteate to the apex. Sepals erectopatent; petals clawed, yellow, with violet veins. Fruit a transversely articulate, non-septate siliqua; the lower segment 2-valved, indehiscent, with 1 or 2 seeds, the upper segment elongate, caducous, broadly winged, with up to 10 seeds constricted in between and separating into 1-seeded portions; Beak 7-13 mm.
Distributional range: Naturalized in Malta
Native region outside Europe: (N. Africa)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
? Eg Li dSi(M) Sn

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (3 images)
   Enarthrocarpus pterocarpus   -   Image Code: ENCPC-0.
   Enarthrocarpus pterocarpus   -   Image Code: ENCPC-1.
   Enarthrocarpus pterocarpus   -   Image Code: ENCPC-2.

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