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Index of Plant Families (1 families in this page)

ORCHIDACEAE
Orchid
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ORCHIDACEAE
Juss.
( Orchid Family )
Subfamalies: Apostasioideae; Cypripedioideae; Epidendroideae; Orchidoideae; Vanilloideae

Family Description: Perennial herbs with rhizomes, vertical stock or tuberous roots, terrestrial, sometimes saprophytic, usually with mycorrhiza. Stems sometimes swollen at base to form pseudobulbs. Leaves entire, spirally arranged or distichous, rarely subopposite, reduced to scales or sheaths in saprophytes. Inflorescence a spike or raceme. Flowers zygomorphic, epigynous, usually hermaphrodite. Perianth-segments 6, in 2 whorls; median inner segment (labellum) usually larger and of different shape from the others, usually directed downwards owing to the ovary or the pedicel twisting through 180░, often with basal spur. Anthers and stigma borne on a column formed from fused filaments and style; stamens 1, rarely 2, with sessile or subsessile, 2-locular anthers behind or at the summit of the column; pollen-grains single or in tetrads, bound by elastic threads in packets (pollinia) which may be narrowed into a sterile, stalk-like caudicle. Ovary inferior, 1-locular, with parietal placentation, rarely 3-locular; stigmas 3, all fertile, or with the median sterile and often consisting of a beak-like process (rostellum) between the anthers and fertile stigmas; rostellum often forming 1 or 2 viscid bodies (viscidia) to which the pollinia are attached; viscidia sometimes enclosed in 1(2), simple or 2-lobed, membranous, pocket-like outgrowths (bursicles) of the rostellum. Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by 3 or 6 longitudinal slits; seeds numerous, minute, with undifferentiated embryo and no endosperm.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(Banks & Sol.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis collina
Fan-Lipped Orchid,
Red Orchid
Orkida Ħamra Feb-Mar Detailed Profile
with

images.
(Pollini) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis fragrans
Scented Bug Orchid,
Fragrant Orchid
Orkida Tfuħ Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis morio
Green-winged Orchid Orkida Tal-Elmu Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
(Poir.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.

Main Synonym :
Orchis longicornu
Horned Orchid,
Long-spurred Orchid
Orkida Tal-Qrun Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis papilionacea
Pink Butterfly Orchid Farfett ? Normal Profile
with
9
images.
(L.) Rich

Main Synonym :
Orchis pyramidalis
Pyramidal Orchid Orkida Piramidali May-Jun Detailed Profile
with

images.
(Sommier & Caruana Gatto) Landwehr

Main Synonym :
Anacamptis urvilleana
Maltese Pyramidal Orchid Orkida Piramidali Ta' Malta Feb-Mar Normal Profile
with

images.
(Loisel.) P.Delforge

Main Synonym :
Barlia robertiana
Giant Orchid Orkida Kbira Jan-Feb Detailed Profile
with

images.
(Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis lactea
Milky Orchid Orkida Bajda Tat-Tikek Feb-Mar Normal Profile
with

images.
(Desfontaines) Stearn

Main Synonym :
Orchis intacta
Dense-flowered Orchid Orkida Rqiqa Mar Normal Profile
with

images.
(Willd.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis conica
Spotted Milky Orchid Orkida Tat-Tikek Feb Detailed Profile
with

images.
Hudson

Main Synonym :
Ophrys arachnites
Bee Orchid Naħla,
Naħla Griża
Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Moretti

Main Synonym :
Ophrys romolini
Bertoloni's Bee Orchid,
Bertoloni's Orchid
Dubbiena Ta' Bertoloni,
Orkida Ta' Bertoloni
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Link

Main Synonym :
Ophrys tabanifera
Bumble-Bee Orchid Brimba Griża Mar Detailed Profile
with

images.
Mifsud

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Small-flowered Bumble-Bee Orchid Brimba Griża żgħira Mar Normal Profile
with

images.
P.Delforge

Main Synonym :
Ophrys gazella
Maltese Brown Orchid Dubbiena Bikrija Ta' Malta Feb-Mar Detailed Profile
with

images.
Bianca

Main Synonym :
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. atrata
Spider Orchid Brimba Tal-Ġwienaħ Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(P.Delforge) Kreutz

Main Synonym :
Ophrys lojaconoi
Lojaconoi's Rainbow Bee Orchid Dubbiena Ta' Lojakonoj,
Orkida Ta' Lojakonoj
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(Paulus, C.Alibertis & A.Alibertis) Kreutz

Main Synonym :
Ophrys iricolor subsp. hospitalis
Cretan Rainbow Bee Orchid Dubbiena Ta' Kreta Dec-Feb Detailed Profile
with

images.
(Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Paulus & Gack

Main Synonym :
Ophrys vallesiana
Valles' Rainbow Bee Orchid Dubbiena Ta' Tuneż,
Dubbiena Tar-Rebbiegha
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Lojacono

Main Synonym :
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. lacaitae
Yellow Spider Orchid,
Lacaita's Spider Orchid
Brimba SSafra Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Parlatore

Main Synonym :
Ophrys aranifera subsp. lunulata
Moon Spider Orchid,
Crescent Spider Orchid
Brimba Tal-Qamar,
Orkida Tal-qamar
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers

Main Synonym :
Ophrys fusca subsp. luperclaes
Lupercales Bee Orchid,
Early Bee Orchid
Dubbiena Tax-Xitwa,
Dubbiena Bikrija
Jan-Feb Normal Profile
with

images.
(Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Melki

Main Synonym :
Ophrys phyrganae
Phyrgana Yellow Bee Orchid Żunżana Tal-Frigana Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(Tineo) Soldano

Main Synonym :
Ophrys lutea subsp. galilaea
Sicilian Yellow Bee Orchid,
Lesser Yellow Bee Orchid
Żunżana ż-Żgħira Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(Salkowski) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers

Main Synonym :
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. melitensis
Maltese Spider Orchid Brimba Sewda,
Brimba Ta' Malta
Mar-May Detailed Profile
with

images.
Todaro

Main Synonym :
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. oxyrrhynchos
Beaked Spider Orchid,
Sicilian Spider Orchid
Brimba Ta' Sqallija Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(Bartolo & Pulv.) Galesi, Cristaudo & Maugeri

Main Synonym :
Ophrys calliantha
Elegant Spider Orchid Brimba Tal-fjuri Sbieħ Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Sennen

Main Synonym :
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. passionis 
Passion-of-Christ Spider Orchid,
Southern Spider Orchid
Brimba Tal-Passjoni Ta' Kristu Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Link

Main Synonym :
Ophrys ciliata
Mirror Orchid,
Mirror Of Venus
Dubbiena Kaħla,
Orkida Tal-mera
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(Ten.) Kreutz

Main Synonym :
Ophrys grandiflora
Large-flowered Sawfly Orchid,
Sicilian Sawfly Orchid
Naħla Kbira Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Mifsud

Main Synonym :
Ophrys pectus
Large-breasted Bee Orchid Dubbiena Ta' Sidirha Kbir Jan-Mar Normal Profile
with

images.
Poiret

Main Synonym :
Orchis undulatifolia
Naked Man Orchid,
Italian Orchid
Ħajja U Mejta Tal-Werqa Fdewxa,
Orkida Tal-Italja
Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
E.G. Camus

Main Synonym :
Serapias vomeracea subsp. laxiflora
Eastern Ploughshare,
Eastern Tongue Orchid,
Eastern Tongue Serapias
Orkida Tal-Ilsien Tal-Lvant Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Serapias ovalis
Heart-flowered Tongue Orchid,
Heart-flowered Serapias
Orkida Tal-Qalb Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Serapias columnae
Tongue Orchid,
Tongue Serapias
Orkida Tal-ilsien Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Parlatore

Main Synonym :
Serapias lingua subsp. parviflora
Small-flowered Tongue Orchid,
Small-flowered Serapias
Orkida Tal-Ilsien Iż-Żgħira,
Orkida Tal-Ilsien Komuni
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(Burmann f.) Briquet

Main Synonym :
Serapias longipetala
Long-lipped Tongue Orchid,
Ploughshare
Orkida Tal-Ilsien Il-Kgħira Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Chevallier

Main Synonym :
Spiranthes autumnalis
Autumn Lady's Tresses Ħajja U Mejta Tal-Ħarifa Oct-Nov Detailed Profile
with

images.
´╗┐


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