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Index of Plant Families (1 families in this page)

ORCHIDACEAE
Orchid
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ORCHIDACEAE
Juss.
( Orchid Family )
Subfamalies: Apostasioideae; Cypripedioideae; Epidendroideae; Orchidoideae; Vanilloideae

Family Description: Perennial herbs with rhizomes, vertical stock or tuberous roots, terrestrial, sometimes saprophytic, usually with mycorrhiza. Stems sometimes swollen at base to form pseudobulbs. Leaves entire, spirally arranged or distichous, rarely subopposite, reduced to scales or sheaths in saprophytes. Inflorescence a spike or raceme. Flowers zygomorphic, epigynous, usually hermaphrodite. Perianth-segments 6, in 2 whorls; median inner segment (labellum) usually larger and of different shape from the others, usually directed downwards owing to the ovary or the pedicel twisting through 180, often with basal spur. Anthers and stigma borne on a column formed from fused filaments and style; stamens 1, rarely 2, with sessile or subsessile, 2-locular anthers behind or at the summit of the column; pollen-grains single or in tetrads, bound by elastic threads in packets (pollinia) which may be narrowed into a sterile, stalk-like caudicle. Ovary inferior, 1-locular, with parietal placentation, rarely 3-locular; stigmas 3, all fertile, or with the median sterile and often consisting of a beak-like process (rostellum) between the anthers and fertile stigmas; rostellum often forming 1 or 2 viscid bodies (viscidia) to which the pollinia are attached; viscidia sometimes enclosed in 1(2), simple or 2-lobed, membranous, pocket-like outgrowths (bursicles) of the rostellum. Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by 3 or 6 longitudinal slits; seeds numerous, minute, with undifferentiated embryo and no endosperm.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(L.) L.C.M. Richard

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Pyramidal Orchid Orkida Piramidali May-Jun Detailed Profile
with

images.
(Sommier & Caruana) Schltr. in G.Keller & al.

Main Synonym :
Anacamptis urvilleana
Maltese Pyramidal Orchid Orkida Piramidali Ta' Malta Feb-Mar Normal Profile
with

images.
(Loiseleur) Greuter

Main Synonym :
Himantoglossum robertiana
Giant Orchid Orkida Kbira Jan-Feb Detailed Profile
with

images.
(Desfontaines) Stearn

Main Synonym :
Neotinea intacta
Dense-flowered Orchid Orkida Rqiqa Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Hudson

Main Synonym :
Ophrys arachnites
Bee Orchid Naħla Griża Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Moretti

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Bertoloni's Bee Orchid,
Bertoloni's Orchid
Dubbiena Ta' Bertoloni,
Orkida Ta' Bertoloni,
Dubbiena Ta' Sqallija
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Risso

Main Synonym :
Ophrys fusca subsp. bilunulata
No Name Maltese Name Not Known ? Normal Profile
with

images.
Link

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Bumblebee Orchid Naħla Mar Detailed Profile
with

images.
S. Mifsud

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Small-flowered Bumblebee Orchid Naħla Tal-fjura żgħira Mar Normal Profile
with

images.
Delforge

Main Synonym :
Ophrys gazella
Maltese Brown Orchid Dubbiena Ta' Malta Feb-Mar Detailed Profile
with

images.
Bivona

Main Synonym :
Ophrys speculum
Mirror Orchid,
Mirror Of Venus
Dubbiena Kaħla,
Orkida Tal-mera
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
J.& P. Devillers-Terschuren

Main Synonym :
Ophrys iricolor subsp. maxima
Eleonore's Ophrys,
Ophrys Of Eleonore
Dubbiena Mar-Apr Detailed Profile
with

images.
Link

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Sombre Bee Orchid,
Brown Bee Orchid,
Dull Orchid
Dubbiena L-Kbira Dec-May Detailed Profile
with

images.
(Burmann f.) Greuter

Main Synonym :
Ophrys fuciflora
Late Spider Orchid Brimba Jan-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(P.Delforge) S.Mifsud & L.Lewis

Main Synonym :
Ophrys hospitalis
Maltese Blue Orchid,
Maltese Early Rainbow Orchid
Dubbiena Bikrija Ta' Malta Dec-Feb Detailed Profile
with

images.
Lojacono

Main Synonym :
Ophrys oxyrrhincos subsp. lacaitae
Yellow Spider Orchid,
Lacaita's Spider Orchid
Brimba Safra Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Delforge

Main Synonym :
Ophrys iricolor subsp. lojaconoi
Lojaconoi's Brown Orchid Orkida Ta' Lojakonoj,
Dubbiena Ta' Lojakonoj
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Parlatore

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Moon Spider Orchid Brimba Tal-qamar,
Orkida Tal-qamar
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
J.& P. Devillers-Terschuren

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Ophrys Of Lupercales Orkida Tax-xitwa Jan-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Cavanilles

Main Synonym :
Ophrys vespifera
Yellow Bee Orchid Żunżana Kbira Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(Salkowski) J.& P. Devillers-Terschuren

Main Synonym :
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. melitensis
Maltese Spider Orchid Brimba Sewda Mar-May Detailed Profile
with

images.
Todaro

Main Synonym :
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. oxyrrhynchos
Beaked Spider Orchid,
Sicilian Spider Orchid
Brimba Ta' Sqallija Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Mutel

Main Synonym :
Ophrys fusca complex
Chest-shaped Brown Orchid,
Reflexed Brown Orchid
Dubbiena ħoxna,
Dubbiena Baghal
Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
J. Devillers-Terschuren & P. Devillers

Main Synonym :
Ophrys lutea subsp. phyrganae
Phyrgana Ophrys Dubbiena Tal-Frigana Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Tineo

Main Synonym :
Ophrys lutea subsp. minor
Yellow Bee Orchid Żunżana żgħira Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Willdenow

Main Synonym :
Ophrys tenoreana
Sawfly Orchid Naħla Kbira Jan-Mar Normal Profile
with

images.
Desfontaine

Main Synonym :
Ophrys tenthredinifera subsp. villosa
No Name Maltese Name Not Known Jan-Mar Normal Profile
with

images.
Banks & Solander ex Russel

Main Synonym :
Orchis saccata
Fan-Lipped Orchid Orkida Ħamra Feb-Mar Detailed Profile
with

images.
Willdenow

Main Synonym :
Neotinea tridentata
Spotted Milky Orchid,
Conical Orchid
Orkida Tat-tikek Feb-Mar Detailed Profile
with

images.
Pollini

Main Synonym :
Orchis coriophora subsp. fragrans
Fragrant Orchid,
Scented Bug Orchid
Orkida Tfuħ Apr-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Poiret

Main Synonym :
Orchis undulatifolia
Naked Man Orchid,
Italian Orchid
Ħajja U Mejta Tal-werqa Fdewxa,
Orkida Tal-Italja
Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Green-winged Orchid Orkida Tal-Elmu Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Anacamptis papilionacea
Pink Butterfly Orchid Farfett ? Normal Profile
with
9
images.
E.G. Camus

Main Synonym :
Serapias vomeracea subsp. laxiflora
Eastern Ploughshare Orkida Tal-ilsien Tal-Lvant Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Parlatore

Main Synonym :
Serapias lingua subsp. parviflora
Small-flowered Serapias Orkida Tal-ilsien żgħira,
Bajdet Il-fenek
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(Burmann f.) Briquet

Main Synonym :
Serapias longipetala
Long-lipped Tongue Orchid,
Ploughshare
Orkida Tal-ilsien Kbira Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Chevallier

Main Synonym :
Spiranthes autumnalis
Autumn Lady's Tresses Ħajja U Mejta Tal-Ħarifa Oct-Nov Detailed Profile
with

images.



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