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Index of Plant Families (7 families in this page)

CISTACEAE
Rock-rose
CUCURBITACEAE
Gourd (Cucumber)
ELATINACEAE
Elatine
HYPERICACEAE
Saint John's Wort
PASSIFLORACEAE
Passion Flower
PLUMBAGINACEAE
Liverwort
VIOLACEAE
Violet
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CISTACEAE
Juss.
( Rock-rose Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Small shrubs or herbs. Leaves alternate, stipulate, usually undivided. Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary. Sepals 5, persistent. Petals 5, free. Stamens 5, introrse, connivent round the ovary. Ovary superior, unilocular, with 3 placentas and numerous ovules. Fruit a 3-valved capsule. Seeds endospermic.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Cistus incanus subsp. Creticus
Hoary Rockrose,
Cretan Rock Rose
Ċistu Roża,
Borghom Roża
Feb-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Stephanocarpus monspeliensis
White Rockrose,
Narrow-leaved Cistus,
Narrow-leaved Rock Rose
Ċistu Abjad,
Borgħom Abjad
Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Spach

Main Synonym :
Helianthemum arabicum
Mediterranean Rock Rose,
Arabian Cistus
Ċistu Isfar Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
Spach

Main Synonym :
Cistus laevipes
No Name Ċistu Tal-blat Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(Cav.) Pau

Main Synonym :
Fumana laevis subsp. juniperina
Smooth Thyme Rock Rose Ċistu Isfar Lixx Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Webb

Main Synonym :
Helianthemum thymifolium
Thyme Rock Rose,
Thyme-leaved Rock Rose,
Clammy Cistus
Ċistu żgħir Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.


CUCURBITACEAE
Juss.
( Gourd (Cucumber) Family )
Subfamalies: Cucurbitoideae; Zanonioideae;

Family Description: Herbs, often climbing by means of tendrils. Flowers unisexual. Calyx deeply 5(-6)-lobed; corolla deeply 5(-6)-lobed. Stamens 5, sometimes 3 (owing to 4 being connate in pairs); filaments sometimes all connate; anthers with 1 theca, free or coherent. Ovary inferior, unilocular but often more or less divided by the 2-5 placentae; style usually 1, with 3, usually divided stigmas. Ovules 1 to many. Fruit usually fleshy and indehiscent.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Cucurbita aurantia
Pumpkin,
Field Pumpkin,
Summer Squash
Qargħa ħamra Jul-Sep Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) A. Richard

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Squirting Cucumber,
Spitting Cucumber,
Wild Balsam-Apple
Faqqus Il-ħmir,
Bettieħ Il-ħmir
All Year Detailed Profile
with

images.


ELATINACEAE
Dumortier
( Elatine Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Aquatic or marsh herbs. Leaves simple, opposite or whorled, stipulate. Flowers hermaphrodite, regular, hypogynous, 2- to 5-merous, solitary or in cymes. Sepals free or connate at base, as many as petals. Petals free, imbricate. Stamens as many or twice as many as petals. Ovary superior, 2- to 5-locular; styles free; ovules numerous; placentation axile. Fruit a septicidal capsule.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(Sommier) Brullo; Lanfranco; Pavone & Ronsisvalle

Main Synonym :
Elatine hydropiper var. gussonei
Maltese Waterwort,
Maltese Elatine,
Pelagian Elatine
Elatine Feb-Mar Detailed Profile
with

images.


HYPERICACEAE
Juss.
( Saint John's Wort Family )
Conservative synonym: Guttiferae
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Shrubs or herbs, with translucent glands containing essential oils and sometimes red or black glands containing hypericin. Leaves simple, opposite, or rarely in whorls of 3-4. Flowers actinomorphic. Sepals imbricate in bud. Petals free, contorted in bud. Stamens in fascicles or apparently indefinite. Ovary superior. Placentation axile or parietal. Seeds without endosperm.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Triadenia aegyptica
Shrubby St. John's Wort,
Egyptian St. John's Wort
Fexfiex Tal-irdum Dec-Jul Normal Profile
with

images.
Tenore

Main Synonym :
Hypericum humifusum subsp. australe
No Name Maltese Name Not Known Aug-Nov Normal Profile
with

images.
Boissier

Main Synonym :
Hypericum tomentosum
Pubescent St. John's Wort Fexfiex Sufi Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with

images.
Turra

Main Synonym :
Hypericum crispum
Wavy-leaved Saint John's Wort,
Curled-leaved Saint John's Wort,
Tangled Hypericum
Fexfiex Tar-Raba Jul-Sep Detailed Profile
with

images.


PASSIFLORACEAE
Juss.
( Passion Flower Family )
Subfamalies: Malesherbioideae; Passifloroideae; Turneroideae

Family Description: Herbaceous or woody climbers with axillary tendrils. Leaves alternate, usually stipulate. Flowers perigynous, usually hermaphrodite, actinomorphic. Hypanthium cup-shaped. Sepals usually 5, free or connate at base, often petaloid. Petals 5, usually free. Corona inserted on the rim of the hypanthium, composed of 1-2 rows of long filaments, 1 row of short filaments and a membrane partially closing the hypanthium. Stamens usually 5, alternating with the petals. Ovary superior, often on a long gynophore, unilocular, with 3(-5) parietal placentae; ovules numerous; stigmas 3-5. Fruit a berry or loculicidal capsule.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Passion Flower,
Blue Passion Flower,
Hardy Passion Flower
Fjura Tal-passjoni Jun-Oct Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Leafy Passion Flower,
Jamaican Passion Flower
Fjura Tal-passjoni Taj-Ġamajka All year Normal Profile
with

images.
Loiseleur-Deslongchamps

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Violet Passion Flower Fjura Tal-passjoni (vjola) May-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.


PLUMBAGINACEAE
Juss.
( Liverwort Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbs or shrubs. Leaves alternate or in basal rosettes, exstipulate. Inflorescence usually cymose, often contracted into a capitulum, rarely spike-like. Flowers actinomorphic, 5-merous, usually in bracteate spikelets. Calyx tubular below, dentate or lobed and at least slightly scarious and often plicate distally, persistent. Petals connate only at the base, or the corolla with a usually short tube. Stamens epipetalous. Styles 5, or 1 with 5 stigma-lobes. Ovary superior, 1-locular. Fruit dry, membranous, 1-seeded, surrounded by calyx, indehiscent or with circumscissile or irregular dehiscence.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Brullo

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Maltese Sea Lavender Limonju Ta' Malta,
Leħjet Ix-xiħ Ta' Malta
Summer Normal Profile
with

images.
(Reichenbach) Pignatti

Main Synonym :
Limonium vulgare subsp. serotinum
No Name Maltese Name Not Known Summer Normal Profile
with

images.
(L.) Miller

Main Synonym :
Statice sinuata
English Statice Limonju Summer Normal Profile
with

images.
(Willdenow) Fourreau

Main Synonym :
Limonium oleifolium
Violet Sea Lavender,
Seaside Sea Lavender
Limonju Tal-baħar Summer Normal Profile
with

images.
Brullo

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Zerapha's Sea Lavender Limonju Ta' Żerafa,
Leħjet Ix-xiħ Ta' Żerafa
Summer Normal Profile
with

images.
Lamarck

Main Synonym :
Plumbago capensis
Cape Leadwort,
African Plumbago
Maltese Name Not Known Apr-Nov Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
European Plumbago,
Leadwort,
Dentallaria
Pjombina Selvaġġa May-Nov Normal Profile
with

images.


VIOLACEAE
Batsch.
( Violet Family )
Subfamalies: Fusispermoideae; Leonioideae; Violoideae

Family Description: Small shrubs or herbs. Leaves alternate, stipulate, usually undivided. Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary. Sepals 5, persistent. Petals 5, free. Stamens 5, introrse, connivent round the ovary. Ovary superior, unilocular, with 3 placentas and numerous ovules. Fruit a 3-valved capsule. Seeds endospermic.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Viola stolonifera
Sweet Violet,
English Violet,
Garden Violet
Vjola Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Tineo

Main Synonym :
Viola tricolor var. parvula
Rock Pansy Pensjeri Selvaġġa Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.



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