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Do they have a 'prefernce list of flowers' or actually they go on any flower they find?
Also honey makers label their honey as ' this honey is made from nectar collected from thyme and honeysuckle' How the bee owners can trace where the bees went in the wild ???
Curious Puzzling Interesting
This selection occurs becaouse when the bees entering the hive with the nectar they gathered, they find other bees in the hive which unloads them. The bees in the hive unload the ones which have the most sugar concentrated honey. This results in the bees to select flowers high in sugar concentration. This is done so that the bees will have to do less work to reduce the moisture from the nectar so that honey is done. Also bees have the tendency to gather one type of flower their whole live (during harvest time life time of honery bee is about 5 weeks) altough if the bee is young and the type of flower it is harvesting is finished and there are new flowers after few days the bee will switch to other types but if the bee is old this change cannot be done and the bee eventually dies. In our countryside one also finds flowers that are not worked by beess but are pollinated by other insects.
With this I think that I had answered your first two questions.
About the third question one must see the season and where the hives where during that particular harvest. When wild thyme honey is collected by the bees, this is collected from the last week of May till the first week of July. As one sees where wild thyme grows mostly in Malta, this is grown in Mellieha area (Popye village, Armier and Torri l-Amar areas) parts of the garrigue in Mgarr (Xaghra L-hamra) where the mostly found flower in those times is the Wild thyme in blossom while very few or no other wild flowers are present at that time. Thus it's called the wild thyme honey, altough some traces of other wild flowers which are insignificant can be found in it. (Maybe next year at these times I suggest that one goes to these places to see the Wild Thyme in its full blossom with purple flowers).
As far as I know in Malta the most tracable type of honey is the wild Thyme honey altough one find other multi floral honey which is also good.
The water collecting part was really a surprise for me.
Thanks for writing.