by Stephen Mifsud
   29 Feb 2020      ()
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Prunus dulcis   (Almond)

Prunus dulcis   (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Prunus dulcis retrieved from on 2020-Feb-29

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Prunus dulcis (Miller) D.A. Webb
Published in (Miller) D. A. Webb, Feddes Repert. 74: 24 (1967)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Prunus amygdalus
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Almond, Sweet Almond, Bitter Almond

Maltese name(s) :

Lewża, Siġra tal-Lewż

Status for Malta :

Archeophyte. Non-native species, but introduced in ancient times, at least 500 years ago after Columbus discovery of the New World.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

White or Pink

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Shrub or tree up to 8 m, in wild plants spiny and intricately branched, in cultivated plants with straight, spineless branches. Leaves 4-12 x 1.2-3 cm, oblong-lanceolate, crenate-serrate, glabrous. Flowers mostly in pairs; hypanthium broadly campanulate; sepals tomentose at least on the margin; petals c. 20 mm, bright pink in bud,fading to pale pink or almost white. Fruit 35-60 mm, ovoid-oblong, compressed, tomentose, grey-green; mesocarp coriaceous, eventually splitting and separating away from the finely pitted, keeled endocarp.

Distributional range:

Extensively cultivated for its edible seeds (almonds) as a field crop in S. & S.C. Europe, and in gardens for ornament further north frequently naturalized in the Mediterranean region.

Native region outside Europe:

(C. & S.W. Asia, N. Africa.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Switzerland, Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Ir Jo Le Sy Tu(A) [Ag cAl Ar cAu(A) cBl Bl(I M N) Bu Ca(C F G P T) Co cCr cCs Ct Cy cGa cGe cGg cGr He Hs(S) cHu It Li Lu Ma Mk cMo cRf(S) cRm cSa Si(M) cSi(S) cSk Sr Tn cTu(E) cUk(K U)]

Images (16 images)
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-0.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-1.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-2.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-3.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-4.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-5.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-6.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-7.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-8.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-9.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-10.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-11.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-12.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-13.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-14.
   Prunus dulcis   -   Image Code: PRNDU-15.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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