by Stephen Mifsud
   8 Jul 2020      ()
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Lythrum junceum   (Creeping Loosestrife)

Lythrum junceum   (LYTHRACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Lythrum junceum retrieved from on 2020-Jul-08

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Lythrum junceum Banks & Solander
Published in Banks & Solander in A. Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo ed. 2, 2: 253 (1794)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Lythrum graefferi
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Lythraceae Jaume St.-Hil (The Loosestrife Family)
3 species from the Lythraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Creeping Loosestrife, False Grass-Poly

Maltese name(s) :

Litrum tal-ilma

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Wet places.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Glabrous, usually perennial; stems usually branched from the base with decumbent, divaricate, straggling branches 20-70 cm. Leaves 8-22 x 2-11 mm, broadly elliptic-oblong to linear-oblong, mostly alternate. Flowers trimorphic, solitary in the leaf-axils, suberect. Hypanthium 5-6 mm, shorter than the subtending leaf, cylindrical-obconical, tapered gradually to the base, spotted with red near the base. Sepals broadly deltate, scarious; epicalyx-segments c. 1 mm, triangular-subulate, equalling or somewhat exceeding the sepals. Petals 5-6 mm, purple, sometimes white or cream at the base. Stamens 12, some or all exserted. Capsule much shorter than the hypanthium.

Distributional range:

S.W. Europe and Mediterranean region

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Albania, the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

? AE Ag Al Az(F J L M P S T) Bl(I M N) dCa(C G P T) Co Cr Cy Da Eg Fe Ga(F) Gr Hs(S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma Md(M P) No Sa Si(M S) Sn Su Sy Tn Tu(A E)

Images (8 images)
   Lythrum junceum   -   Image Code: LYTJU-0.
   Lythrum junceum   -   Image Code: LYTJU-1.
   Lythrum junceum   -   Image Code: LYTJU-2.
   Lythrum junceum   -   Image Code: LYTJU-3.
   Lythrum junceum   -   Image Code: LYTJU-4.
   Lythrum junceum   -   Image Code: LYTJU-5.
   Lythrum junceum   -   Image Code: LYTJU-6.
   Lythrum junceum   -   Image Code: LYTJU-7.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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