by Stephen Mifsud
   5 Jun 2020      ()
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Mentha suaveolens   (Round-leaved Mint)

Mentha suaveolens   (LAMIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Mentha suaveolens retrieved from on 2020-Jun-05

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Mentha suaveolens Ehrhart
Published in Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 7: 149 (1792)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Mentha rotundifolia
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Lamiaceae Lindl. (=Labiatae) (The Mint Family)
36 species from the Lamiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Round-leaved Mint

Maltese name(s) :

Nagħniegħ Selvaġġ

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very Rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Protected by law: schedule VI of legal notice LN311/2006. (strictly protected species)

Red List (1989) :

This species has a threatened status and is listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Pink or White

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Perennial 40-100 cm, with sickly sweet scent. Stem sparsely hairy to densely white-tomentose. Leaves (15-)30-45 x (10-)20-40 mm, sessile or very shortly petiolate, strongly rugose, ovate-oblong to suborbicular, obtuse, cuspidate or rarely acute, widest near the base, serrate, with 10-20 teeth, often apparently crenate due to the teeth being bent down towards the underside of the leaf, hairy above, usually grey- or white-tomentose to -lanate beneath, the hairs on the lower surface branched, with the basal cell 43-57 µm in diameter. Verticillasters many, usually congested, forming a terminal spike 40-90 x 5-10 mm, often interrupted below and usually branched. Calyx 1-2 mm, campanulate, hairy; teeth subequal. Pedicels hairy. Corolla whitish or pink. Fertile anthers 0.28-0.38 mm. Nutlets 0.57-0.75 mm.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

S. & W. Europe, northwards to the Netherlands cultivated as a pot-herb, and naturalized in N.& C.Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Albania, the Azores, Belgium, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Austria and Liechtenstein, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, Denmark, Ireland, ex-Jugoslavia, Poland, Romania, Sweden

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

AE(G) Ag Az Be Bl Br Ca Co Cr Ga Ge Gr He Ho Hs It Lu Ma Md Sa Si Tn Tu(A E) [Au By Cz Da Hb Ju Po Rf(C) Rm Su]

Images (5 images)
   Mentha suaveolens   -   Image Code: MNTSU-0.
   Mentha suaveolens   -   Image Code: MNTSU-1.
   Mentha suaveolens   -   Image Code: MNTSU-2.
   Mentha suaveolens   -   Image Code: MNTSU-3.
   Mentha suaveolens   -   Image Code: MNTSU-4.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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