by Stephen Mifsud
   19 Oct 2019      ()
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Ononis biflora   (Two-flowered Restharrow)

Ononis biflora   (FABACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Ononis biflora retrieved from on 2019-Oct-19

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Ononis biflora Desfontaines
Published in Desf., Fl. Atl. 2: 143 (1798)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Ononis geminiflora
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Fabaceae Lindl. (=Leguminosae) (The Pea Family)
106 species from the Fabaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Two-flowered Restharrow

Maltese name(s) :

Broxka ta' żewġ fjuri

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very Rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE (annuals)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

This species has a threatened status and is listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

White or Cream

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Erect annual 10-50 cm; stems sparsely glandular-hairy. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 15-20 mm, elliptical, fleshy. Primary branches of the inflorescence 15-40 mm, 1- to 2-flowered, aristate. Corolla 12-16 mm, yellow, sometimes with pink veins; standard glabrous. Legume c. 20 mm. Seeds 12-14, c. 3 mm, acutely tuberculate.

Distributional range:

Mediterranean region, Portugal.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

? Ag Cy Gr Hs(S) IJ It Le Lu Ma Sa Si(M S) Sy Tn Tu(A)

Images (10 images)
   Ononis biflora   -   Image Code: ONNBF-0.
   Ononis biflora   -   Image Code: ONNBF-1.
   Ononis biflora   -   Image Code: ONNBF-2.
   Ononis biflora   -   Image Code: ONNBF-3.
   Ononis biflora   -   Image Code: ONNBF-4.
   Ononis biflora   -   Image Code: ONNBF-5.
   Ononis biflora   -   Image Code: ONNBF-6.
   Ononis biflora   -   Image Code: ONNBF-7.
   Ononis biflora   -   Image Code: ONNBF-8.
   Ononis biflora   -   Image Code: ONNBF-9.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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