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   19 Jun 2019      ()
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Brassica nigra   (Black Mustard)


Brassica nigra   (BRASSICACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

 
Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Brassica nigra retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 2019-Jun-19

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Brassica nigra (L.) Koch in Röhling
Published in Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 713 (1833)

Synonyms :

Basionym or principal synonym: Brassica bracteolata
Full list of synonyms : [ Euro+Med ]   [ PlantList ]   [ IPNI ]   [ Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Brassicaceae (=Cruciferae) The Mustard or Cress Family 47 Brassicaceae species recorded from Malta.
Juss.

English name(s) :

Black Mustard

Maltese name(s) :

Mustarda sewda

Status for Malta :

Doubtful origin. It is not yet established if this species is native or not)

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE (Annuals)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

Mar-Apr

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Agricultural areas. Cultivated for its seeds (black mustard)

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Annual; stems up to 200 cm, branched from the middle or from near the base. Lower leaves lyrate-pinnatisect, with 1-3 pairs of lateral lobes and a much larger terminal lobe, hispid on both surfaces; upper leaves linear-oblong, entire or sinuate, glabrous; all leaves petiolate. Petals 7-13 mm, yellow. Siliqua 8-30 × 1·5-4·5 mm, attenuate into a slender, seedless beak. Pedicels 2·5-6 mm in fruit, appressed to the stem.

Chromosome number:

2n=16

Distributional range:

Most of Europe but commonest in the centre and south perhaps native in parts of S. & W. Europe.


Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

All Europe except the Balaeric Islands, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

AE dAE(G) dAg dAl dAu dAz dBe Be(B L) dBH dCr Cy dDa Eg dFa dHb dHs Hs(S) IJ It LS dLu dMa Md(M P) dMk dRf dSi Si(S) Sn dSr dTn dTu(A E) dUk(K) [Au(A) Az(F L M S T) Bl(N) By Ca(G T) cCt Es Fe Ge Hb(E) Hu La Lt cMo No Po Sk Sl Su]


Images (5 images)
   Brassica nigra   -   Image Code: BRSNG-0.
   Brassica nigra   -   Image Code: BRSNG-1.
   Brassica nigra   -   Image Code: BRSNG-2.
   Brassica nigra   -   Image Code: BRSNG-3.
   Brassica nigra   -   Image Code: BRSNG-4.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

The Plant List

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive


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