MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   28 Sep 2021      ()
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Santolina chamaecyparissus   (Lavender Cotton)


Santolina chamaecyparissus  (ASTERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 2-Jan-2020)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2-Jan-2020) Santolina chamaecyparissus retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 28-Sep-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Santolina chamaecyparissusL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 842 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Santonlina incana
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (=Compositae) (The Daisy or Sunflower Family)
124 species from the Asteraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Lavender Cotton, Holy Herb, Ground Cypress

Maltese name(s) :

Maltese name not known, Żigland tal-istilla

Status for Malta :

Cultivated species. Introduced plants cultivated for agricultural or horticultural purposes but sometimes can be occassionaly found as an escapee close to the site of their original cultivation.

Frequency :

Data not available - casual or short-lived in the wild from accidental garden or agriculture escape

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Nano-Phanerophyte ( small trees to large shrubs, usually <5 m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (25/Sep/2021)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

May – September

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow

Name Derivation :

Santolina:
chamaecyparissus:


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Ornamental shrub used in parks and pubic gardens. Not met in the wild so far, although some casual escapee or persisting examples have been seen in abandoned places
Botanical Description: Stems 10-50 cm, erect or ascending; non-flowering shoots green to grey-tomentose; flowering stems usually simple, leafless for some distance below the capitulum. Leaves densely pectinate-dentate to pinnatisect. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncate and not or weakly umbilicate at base; bracts lanceolate to ovate, carinate, the inner with rounded, lacerate, scarious apex. Florets cream to bright yellow.
Distributional range: W. & C. Mediterranean region

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
the Balaeric Islands, Corse, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Introduced in  Switzerland, Portugal
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[Al aBr Cg -Co aCr Ct cGe aHb(E N) aHe nIt Lu Mo aPo ?Sa Si(S) Tu(A) Uk(K U)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (6 images)
   Santolina chamaecyparissus   -   Image Code: SNTCH-0.
   Santolina chamaecyparissus   -   Image Code: SNTCH-1.
   Santolina chamaecyparissus   -   Image Code: SNTCH-2.
   Santolina chamaecyparissus   -   Image Code: SNTCH-3.
   Santolina chamaecyparissus   -   Image Code: SNTCH-4.
   Santolina chamaecyparissus   -   Image Code: SNTCH-5.

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