by Stephen Mifsud
   5 Jun 2020      ()
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Lactuca sativa   (Lettuce)

Lactuca sativa   (ASTERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Lactuca sativa retrieved from on 2020-Jun-05

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Lactuca sativa L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 795 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Lactuca capitata
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (=Compositae) (The Daisy or Sunflower Family)
125 species from the Asteraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Lettuce, Garden Lettuce

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Introduced plants cultivated for agricultural or horticultural purposes but sometimes can be occassionaly found as an escapee close to the site of their original cultivation

Frequency :

Data not available - casual in the wild as a garden/field escape

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Cultivated crop which does not seem to escape in the wild although seldom found in field margin from previous cultivations

Botanical Description:

Glabrous annual or biennial, with a slender tap-root, dense basal rosette and erect flowering stems 30-70(-100) cm. Basal leaves undivided or runcinate-pinnatifid, shortly petiolate; cauline simple, ovate to orbicular, cordate-amplexicaul, sessile, not held vertically. Inflorescence a dense, corymbose panicle. Involucre erect in fruit Capitula numerous, with 7-15(-35) florets. Ligules pale yellow, often violet-streaked. Achenes 6-8 mm; body obovate, often finely muricate at apex, 5- to 9-ribbed, greyish; beak as long as body.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

Cultivated as a vegetable almost throughout Europe frequent as a casual, but seldom naturalized.

Native region outside Europe:


Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

?Az [cAb cAl cAu(A) aAu(L) aBe(B) cBH cBl(M) cBr aBu By Ca(F G L P T) cCg aCo aCr aCs cCt cCy Eg aEs aFe Ga(F) aGe Gg cGr aHb(E) He cHo aHs(S) cHu aIt aLa cLe cLi aLt aLu cMa cMd(M) cMk Mo cPo Rf(C CS E N NW S) cRm aSa cSi(M) aSi(S) cSk Sl cSr cSu Sy cTu(E) Uk(K U)]

Images (5 images)
   Lactuca sativa   -   Image Code: LCTSV-0.
   Lactuca sativa   -   Image Code: LCTSV-1.
   Lactuca sativa   -   Image Code: LCTSV-2.
   Lactuca sativa   -   Image Code: LCTSV-3.
   Lactuca sativa   -   Image Code: LCTSV-4.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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