by Stephen Mifsud
   27 Sep 2020      ()
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Cynara cardunculus   (Wild Artichoke)

Cynara cardunculus   (ASTERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Cynara cardunculus retrieved from on 2020-Sep-27

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Cynara cardunculus L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 827 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Cynara corsica
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (=Compositae) (The Daisy or Sunflower Family)
125 species from the Asteraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Wild Artichoke, Cardoon

Maltese name(s) :

Qaqoċċ tax-xewk, Qaqoċċ selvaġġ

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Blue or Violet

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Stony or waste places and dry grassland, mainly on clay soils.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Stems 20-100 cm, lanate. Leaves up to 50 x 35 cm, subcoriaceous, bright green and shortly tomentose above, white-tomentose beneath; segments ovate to linear-lanceolate, with rigid, yellow spines 15-35 mm at apex and clustered at base; lower leaves petiolate, the uppermost sessile. Involucre 45-60 x 40-55 mm, ovoid-globose; involucral bracts ovate to elliptical, gradually or abruptly narrowed into an erecto-patent spine 10-50 x 2-6 mm, glaucescent or purplish. Corolla blue, lilac or whitish. Achenes 6-8 x 3-4 mm, shiny, brown-spotted; pappus 25-40 mm.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

S. & W. parts of Mediterranean region and S. Portugal

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

? Ag Bl(M) dCa Ca(C F G L P T) Co Cr Ct dCy Ga(F) Gr Hs(S) It Li Lu Ma dMd(D M P) Sa Si(M S) Tn [cAb(A) nAE(G) Al cAu aBe cBH nBl(I M N) Br aCa(H) aCo Cr Ct cCy aGe cGr aHb(E) aHe cHo Hs(A) cIJ cIr cLe cLS cMo cRf(S) cRm Sa cSi cSk cTcs Tu nTu(A) cUk(K U)]

Images (9 images)
   Cynara cardunculus   -   Image Code: CYNCA-0.
   Cynara cardunculus   -   Image Code: CYNCA-1.
   Cynara cardunculus   -   Image Code: CYNCA-2.
   Cynara cardunculus   -   Image Code: CYNCA-3.
   Cynara cardunculus   -   Image Code: CYNCA-4.
   Cynara cardunculus   -   Image Code: CYNCA-5.
   Cynara cardunculus   -   Image Code: CYNCA-6.
   Cynara cardunculus   -   Image Code: CYNCA-7.
   Cynara cardunculus   -   Image Code: CYNCA-8.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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