MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   18 May 2022      ()
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Arisarum vulgare   (Friar's Cowl)


Arisarum vulgare  (ARACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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General Information Species Images
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Detailed species profile
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Profile Date Dec-2003 (taxon update: 14-Aug-2017)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2021) Arisarum vulgare profile created on Dec-2003. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 18-May-2022

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Arisarum vulgareTarg.-Tozz.
Published in Ann. Mus. Firenze. 2(2): 67 (1810)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Arum arisarum
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Araceae Juss. (The Arum Family)
9 species from the Araceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Friar's Cowl, Arison

Maltese name(s) :

Garni tal-Pipa

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (25/Sep/2021)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

November – March

Colour of Flowers:

Brown or Green

Name Derivation :

Arisarum: Name first given by Dioscorides for the peculiar plant with pitcher-like flowers. (Greek origin )
vulgare: common and widespread, at least when this plant was described. (Latin origin )


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Disturbed ground especially in shaded and damp areas
Preferred habitat in Malta: Mostly present in maquis and sheltered rocky areas but can also be found in high garigue, abandoned fields, disturbed ground with dumped soil and wooded areas. Prefers mostly partial shade and moist soil but can thrive in exposed rocky ground
Botanical Description: Stock an irregular, more or less ovoid tuber. Plant 20-40 cm. Leaves 6-12 x 4-10 cm, ovate to hastate-sagittate, obtuse or shortly mucronate, cordate at base; petiole long and slender, purple-spotted. Spathe 3-5 cm, erect, the basal part pale green with longitudinal stripes of dull reddish-purple, the upper part dark green to purplish-brown. Appendix of spadix greenish. Female flowers 4-5. Seeds 2-6.
Distributional range: Mediterranean region, C. & S. Portugal, Azores.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE(G) Ag Al Az Bl Ca Co Cr Cy Eg Ga Gr Hs IJ It Ju Li LS Ma Md Sa Si Sn Tcs Tu(A)

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (41 images)
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-0.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-1.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-2.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-3.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-4.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-5.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-6.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-7.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-8.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-9.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-10.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-11.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-12.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-13.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-14.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-15.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-16.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-17.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-18.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-19.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-20.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-21.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-22.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-23.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-24.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-25.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-26.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-27.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-28.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-29.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-30.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-31.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-32.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-33.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-34.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-35.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-36.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-37.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-38.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-39.
   Arisarum vulgare   -   Image Code: ARMVU-40.

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Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
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