by Stephen Mifsud
   27 Sep 2020      ()
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Amaranthus cruentus   (Red Amaranth)

Amaranthus cruentus  (AMARANTHACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Amaranthus cruentus retrieved from on 2020-Sep-27

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Amaranthus cruentusL.
Published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1269 (1759)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Amaranthus paniculatus L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Amaranthaceae Juss. (The Amaranth Family)
42 species from the Amaranthaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Red Amaranth

Maltese name(s) :

Denb id-dib vjola zgħir

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE (annuals)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Cultivated for ornament, and sometimes occurs as a casual mainly in anthropogenic habitats

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Casual escape in wasteground and disturbed dry valleys

Botanical Description:

Stems 20-100 cm, erect, sparsely to densely pubescent above. Leaves 3-8 cm, rhombic-ovate. Inflorescence terminal, elongate-spicate, often compound, usually with dense and with short branches at the base. Bracteoles 2-4 mm, with short mucro, 1-1½ times as long as the perianth. Perianth-segments 5, 1.5-2(-2.4) mm, narrowly ovate, usually acute, about as long as the fruit. Stamens 5. Fruit dehiscing transversely.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

Commonly naturalized, mainly in S. & C. Europe

Native region outside Europe:

(Tropical and subtropical America.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Switzerland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[aAE(G) nAg nAl aAu(A) nAu(L) aAz(F M) Az(G T) aBe(B) nBl aBr nBu By Ca(C H L P T) Cg nCo nCr aCs Ct nCy aDa nEg aEs aFe nGa(F) aGe aGg aGr nHe nHs aHs(S) nHu nIJ nIr nIt Jo aJu aLa nLi aLt nLu nMa aMo nPo Rf(C CS E NW S) nRm nSa Si nSi(M S) aSk Sl nSn aSr aSu Sy aTcs nTn nTu(A E) Uk aUk(K U)]

Images (9 images)
   Amaranthus cruentus   -   Image Code: AMRCR-0.
   Amaranthus cruentus   -   Image Code: AMRCR-1.
   Amaranthus cruentus   -   Image Code: AMRCR-2.
   Amaranthus cruentus   -   Image Code: AMRCR-3.
   Amaranthus cruentus   -   Image Code: AMRCR-4.
   Amaranthus cruentus   -   Image Code: AMRCR-5.
   Amaranthus cruentus   -   Image Code: AMRCR-6.
   Amaranthus cruentus   -   Image Code: AMRCR-7.
   Amaranthus cruentus   -   Image Code: AMRCR-8.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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